What is the reason behind a stable diplomatic relation between China and Pakistan?
To answer this we need to understand the strategic importance of Pakistan, both in the region and worldwide. Well, China does have some concerns regarding Pakistan; particularly the problems associated with Islamic terrorism as well as the rising Islamic identity within Xingjian’s Uyghur minority.
The establishment of China-Pakistan relation started in 1951
These two countries established diplomatic relations in 1951, and have remained strong allies ever since. In the Indo-Pakistani wars of 1965 and 1971, China took the side of Pakistan against India. In addition, China supported the alliance between Pakistan and the United States against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979.
On the other hand, Pakistan played a crucial role in the ice-breaking visit of U.S. National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger to China in 1971, and was one of only two United Nations member countries (along with Cuba) to support China following the Tiananmen Square incident of 1989. Hence Pakistan and China are making a history of great relationship and strong bonds that include Military & Defense, Education, Health, Infrastructure, and Information Technology.
Pakistan allow China to establish its roots in the land of Pakistan
Both the United States and China have a common interest in allowing China to play a bigger in the reconstruction of Afghanistan and constrain opportunistic moves from Pakistan; and this political change is welcomed mostly by other regional players including Russia, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and other Gulf countries.
China is widely considered to be an “emerging power” that may threaten the United States in the future. Therefore, China’s strategic relationship with Pakistan must be understood from an international strategic perspective, specifically the interlocking geopolitical relationships between China, the United States, India, and Russia.
Today’s Status of China-Pakistan Relations
China and Pakistan were sharing relations that were limited to Political and Military level but now these relations have been moved forward to Comprehensive, Social, Economical, and Cultural Relations today.
This new phase in relations started in May 2013 with the visit of Chinese Premier Li Keqiang to Pakistan and the official proposal of the concept of the “China-Pakistan Economic Corridor.”